What does the research say?
Laboratory studies have shown that phytochemicals glucosinolates reduce inflammation in the body, which is a major risk factor for cancer. Also, they prevent enzymes that activate carcinogens and stimulate enzymes that deactivate such substances. Studies suggest that these compounds stimulate genes that suppress tumors, slow the growth of cancer cells and induce apoptosis, during which cancer cells self-destruct.
Some research suggests that these substances stimulate the transition of the active form of estrogen in the weaker form, and the large proportion of estrogen is one of the many risk factors for certain types of cancer associated with hormone imbalance. Beta-carotene stimulates cell communication and helps control the abnormal growth of cells. Vitamin C protects the cells as an antioxidant and supports immune system. Kaempferol, quercetin, and anthocyanin provide antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity. In cell and animal studies they slow down the development of several phases and types of cancer.
Broccoli is a good source of vitamin C. Dark green vegetables contain a high proportion of vitamin K. Broccoli and cauliflower is excellent sources of folic acid, vitamin B, fiber, and magnesium. Red cabbage and radishes are rich in anthocyanin, and the rest of the vegetables contain polyphenols, which have the difficult task of fighting free radicals.
It is best to cook them steamed or fried with olive oil, because if you boil them in water, they lose some properties.Cook the broccoli until they tender. They are a good addition to soups, a good addition to raw young vegetables and salads and sandwiches.